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Legislation #: 921030 Introduction Date: 9/3/1992
Type: Ordinance Effective Date: 10/11/1992
Sponsor: None
Title: Repealing Chapter 42 - "Parking Stations", Code of General Ordinances, and enacting a new Chapter 42 - "Parking Stations" regulating the construction, maintenance, and operation of parking stations.

Legislation History
DateMinutesDescription
9/3/1992

Prepare to Introduce

9/3/1992

Referred Operations And Aviation

9/9/1992

Hold On Agenda

9/23/1992

Do Pass as a Committee Substitute

9/24/1992

Assigned Third Read Calendar as Substituted

10/1/1992

Passed as Substituted


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COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR ORDINANCE NO. 921030

 

Repealing Chapter 42 - "Parking Stations", Code of General Ordinances, and enacting a new Chapter 42 - "Parking Stations" regulating the construction, maintenance, and operation of parking stations.

 

BE IT ORDAINED BY THE COUNCIL OF KANSAS CITY:

 

Section 1. That Chapter 42 - "Parking Stations", Code of General Ordinances, is repealed, and a new Chapter 42 - "Parking Stations", Code of General Ordinances, is enacted to read as follows:

 

 

CHAPTER 42

 

PARKING STATIONS

 

ARTICLE I

 

GENERAL

 

Section 42.1.1. Title.

 

This Code shall be known as the "Parking Station Code" of Kansas City, Missouri, may be cited as such, and will be referred to hereinafter as "this Code."

 

Responsibilities of the Director of Codes Administration may be performed by authorized representatives of the Director.

 

 

Section 42.1.2. Purpose and Scope.

 

The purpose of this Code is to provide minimum standards to safeguard life, health, property and public welfare by regulating and controlling the design, quality of materials, construction, location and maintenance of all parking stations within the city.

 

The regulations of this Code are not intended to permit any violations of the Zoning Ordinance or any other applicable ordinances.

 

 

 

 

Section 42.1.3. Enforcement.

 

(a) Violation and Penalties. It shall be un- lawful for any person, employee, firm or corporation, partnership, association, organization or governmental agency properly regulated by the city to construct, enlarge, repair, improve, use, occupy, or maintain any parking station or parking structure, partial or whole, in the city, or cause the same to be done, contrary to or in violation of any of the provisions of this Code, or rules or regulation promulgated thereunder; and, upon conviction thereof, such person shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500.00); imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, or both such fine and imprisonment; each day a parking station is operated in violation of this Code or any provision thereof shall constitute a separate offense.

 

(b) Appeal. Any decision of the Director of Codes Administration in the enforcement of this Code shall be subject to appeal to the Building and Fire Codes Board of Appeals in the manner provided in Sec- tion 9.1.204 of the Code of General Ordinances, the Building Code.

 

(c) Right of Entry. Whenever necessary to make an inspection to enforce any of the provisions of this Code, or whenever the Director of Codes Administration has reasonable cause to believe that there exists any condition which makes the parking station unsafe, dangerous or hazardous or there exists a code vi- olation, the Director of Codes Administration may enter upon the premises at all reasonable times to inspect or to perform any duty imposed upon the Director, provided that the Director shall first request entry to inspect any area not properly open to the Director.

 

 

Section 42.1.4. Definitions.

 

Section 42.1.4.1.

 

Commercial Parking Station is a parking station which charges an hourly or weekly fee for parking or storing motor vehicles.

 

Section 42.1.4.2.

 

Interim Parking Station is a parking station operated on a full time basis, which is planned for some future purpose other than as a parking station.

 

 

 

Section 42.1.4.3.

 

Motor Vehicle is an automobile, truck, motor scooter, motorcycle, motor tricycle or any other self-propelled motor vehicle.

 

Section 42.1.4.4.

 

Parking Station is a structure, place, parcel of ground, yard or enclosure used in whole or in part for parking of motor vehicles. "Parking Station" includes what are commonly known as parking facilities, parking lots or parking spaces.

 

Section 42.1.4.5.

 

Free Parking Station is a motor vehicle parking fa- cility operated exclusively for the benefit of tenants, employees, customers, patrons or clients and one for which no fee is charged. If a fee is charged for parking in excess of a specified length of time, or if a penalty is imposed for unauthorized parking, a sign must be posted in a location easily visible to incoming traffic indicating the fees to be charged and the name of the firm or firms providing the facility.

 

Section 42.1.4.6.

 

Residential Parking Space is an off-street space pro- vided for the parking of motor vehicles in conjunction with a one or two family dwelling or a town house.

 

 

ARTICLE II

 

CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE

 

Section 42.2.1. Periodic Inspections.

 

Each multi-level parking station structure shall in its fifteenth (15th) year of age and every five (5) years thereafter submit to the Director of Codes Administra- tion an engineer's report verifying the structural integrity and stability of the structure.

 

As provided in the prior Parking Station Code, for all multi-level parking station structures older than fifteen (15) years, the first engineer's report was due not later than June 15, 1990. Any report due under prior provisions of this Code, but not yet submitted, is now due.

 

 

Section 42.2.2. Maintenance.

 

Ordinary maintenance of an existing parking surface shall not require a permit. Ordinary maintenance shall include the resurfacing of an existing parking surface, which was in compliance with this ordinance.

 

Parking surfaces shall be kept in good repair at all times. The parking surface shall not be allowed to degenerate to a point of disrepair where there is loose gravel, pot holes, or to a condition where mud may be tracked onto the street. All screening and barriers shall be maintained in good condition and shall not be allowed to fall into a state of disrepair. Dead or damaged shrubbery shall be replaced immediately.

 

 

Section 42.2.3. Permits Required.

 

It shall be unlawful to construct, enlarge, alter or repair any parking station, or access drive thereto for which provision is made or the installation of which is regulated by this Code, without first ob- taining the required building permit, except repairs, as defined in section 42.2.2 which do not involve any violation of this Code.

 

 

Section 42.2.4. Barriers and Screening.

 

(a) Barriers. All parking stations established after January 2, 1971, shall provide a physical barrier, such as an ornamental iron fence, masonry wall, planter or shrubbery, installed in such a manner as to prevent any encroachment of a motor vehicle on a public right of way.

 

Exceptions:

 

1. Those located entirely within a building or structure.

 

2. Those separated at least twenty (20) feet from street property lines by a maintained

grass and landscaped area.

 

3. Parking stations located in industrial zones.

 

4. Residential parking spaces provided for one and two family dwellings and town houses.

 

 

(b) Screening. All parking stations established after September 10, 1951, which are located in zoning districts R-1 through R-6 inclusive, or those located across a street or alley from property zoned R-1 through R-6 inclusive, shall be permanently screened from adjoining property by a solid wall, fence, or screen planting sufficiently thick to serve the purpose of a solid screen. The screen shall be not less than four (4) feet in height. Such screening shall be maintained in good condition.

 

Exceptions:

 

1. Residential parking spaces provided for one and two family dwellings and town houses.

 

2. Parking Stations located in zoning district C-4.

 

 

Section 42.2.5. Ground Surface.

 

All parking stations and residential parking spaces, inclusive of all access drives and all turning or ma- neuvering areas, established after September 10, 1951, shall be surfaced with an all-weather, dustless material such as asphaltic or portland cement concrete.

 

Exceptions:

 

1. Interim parking stations as defined in Section 42.1.4.2 may be surfaced with a

bituminous seal coat over crushed rock in

lieu of asphaltic or portland cement con-

crete.

 

2. Interior limited access drives within lots located in industrial zones.

 

3. Access drives in excess of 100 feet to single family residences located in agriculturally

zoned areas are exempt from this requirement

provided the residence is located on a tract

of land of at least three acres or more.

 

4. Interior limited access drives located within farms.

 

Effective May 1, 1996, all existing residential parking spaces and access drives thereto, exclusive of those denoted in exception #3, shall be surfaced with an all- weather, dustless material, such as asphaltic or portland cement concrete.

 

 

 

Section 42.2.6. Storm Water.

 

Storm water runoff from all parking stations shall be collected on the premises and discharged into a public storm sewer system or a combined sewer system. Where such systems are inadequate or not available, the applicant shall extend the public storm sewer system and/or provide storm water detention as required by the Public Works Department in accordance with the criteria of the Director of Public Works.

 

Exception: Residential parking spaces provided for one and two family dwellings and town houses.

 

 

Section 42.2.7. Parking Facilities for Physically Dis- abled Persons.

 

(a) Accessible Parking Required. All parking stations shall provide accessible parking spaces in accordance with Table No. A-31-A. In addition, one in every eight accessible parking spaces, but in no case less than one, shall comply with the van parking space requirement in section 42.2.7(b). When such facilities provide only outpatient services, only 10% of the parking spaces provided need to be accessible.

 

Accessible parking spaces shall be located on the shortest possible accessible route of travel to an accessible building entrance. In facilities with multiple accessible building entrances with adjacent parking, accessible parking spaces shall be dispersed and located near the accessible entrances. Wherever practical, the accessible route of travel shall not cross lanes of vehicular traffic. Where crossing traffic lanes is necessary, the route of travel shall be designated and marked as a crosswalk.

 

(b) Design and Construction.

 

(1) General. When accessible parking spaces

are required by this section, they shall be designed and constructed in accordance with this section.

 

(2) Size. Parking spaces shall not be less

than 96 inches in width and shall have an adjacent access aisle not less than 60 inches in width. Where two adjacent spaces are provided, the access aisle may be shared between the two spaces. Boundaries of access aisles shall be marked so that aisles will not be used as parking spaces.

 

 

Van accessible parking spaces shall have an adjacent access aisle not less than 96 inches in width.

 

(3) Vertical Clearance. Where accessible

parking spaces are required for vans, the vertical clearance shall not be less than 98 inches at the parking space and along at least one vehicle access route to such spaces from site entrances and exits.

 

(4) Slope. Accessible parking spaces and

access aisles shall be located on a surface with a slope not to exceed 1 vertical in 48 horizontal.

 

(5) Surface. Parking spaces and access

aisles shall be firm, stable, smooth and slip resistant.

 

(c) Signs. Every parking space required by this section shall be identified by a sign, centered between 3 and 5 feet above the parking surface, at the head of the parking space. The sign shall include the international symbol of access and the phrase RESERVED or equivalent language. "Van accessible" spaces shall have an additional sign stating "Van Accessible" below the symbol of accessibility.

 

(d) Curbs. Where a curb exists between a parking lot surface and a sidewalk surface, an inclined curb ramp or a curb cut shall be provided. Curb ramps shall not be less than 36 inches in width, exclusive of the required side slopes. The maximum slope of the curb ramp or curb cut shall not exceed 1 vertical and 12 horizontal. The maximum side slopes of the curb ramps or curb cuts shall not exceed 1 vertical and 10 horizontal. Built-up curb ramps shall be located so as not to project into vehicular ways or to be located within accessible parking spaces.

 

(e) Passenger Drop-off and Loading Zones.

 

(1) Location. Where provided, passenger

drop-off and loading zones shall be located on an accessible route of travel.

 

(2) Design and Construction.

 

(A) General. Passenger drop-off and

loading zones shall be designed and

constructed in accordance with this section.

 

 

(B) Passenger Drop-off Zones.

 

(i) Size. Drop-off zones shall

not be less than 12 feet in width by 25

feet in length with the long dimension

abutting and parallel to an accessible

route of travel.

 

(ii) Slope. Such zones shall be

located on a surface with a slope not

exceeding 1 vertical in 48 horizontal.

 

(C) Passenger Loading Zones.

 

(i) Size. Passenger loading zones

shall provide an access aisle not less

than 5 feet in width by 20 feet in

length with the long dimension abutting

and parallel to (1) the vehicle space on

one side and (2) an accessible route of

travel on the other.

 

(ii) Slope. Such zones shall be

located on a surface with a slope not

exceeding 1 vertical in 48 horizontal.

 

TABLE NO. A-31-A

 

NUMBER OF ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACES

 

Total Parking Spaces Minimum Required Number of in Lot or Garage Accessible Spaces

 

1-25 1

26-50 2

51-75 3

76-100 4

101-150 5

151-200 6

201-300 7

301-400 8

401-500 9

501-1,000 2 % of total spaces

Over 1,000 20 spaces plus

1 space for

every 100 spaces, or

fraction thereof,

over 1,000

 

Section 42.2.8. Parking Station Design.

 

The requirements for parking space dimensions are as follows:

 

(a) A parking space shall provide for the fol- lowing in length and width for space:

 

Length (L) Width (W)

 

Standard 18 feet 8 feet 6 inches

Small 15 feet 7 feet 6 inches

 

(b) Aisle widths for access to parking spaces shall provide a minimum as follows:

 

One Way Aisles

 

Width of Aisle Width of Aisle

Angle of for Standard for small

Parking Size Cars Size Cars

 

Parallel 10 feet 8 feet

30 10 feet 10 feet

45 12 feet 10 feet

60 18 feet 15 feet

90 22 feet 18 feet

 

Two Way Aisles

 

Width of Aisle Width of Aisle

Angle of for Standard for small Parking Size Cars Size Cars

 

Parallel and 30 21 feet 17 feet 45 23 feet 19 feet 60 and 90 25 feet 21 feet

 

In either situation, an aisle serving two (2) or more angles of parking or size of spaces shall comply with the greater width required.

 

Other commonly recognized national standards, when authorized by the Director of Codes Administration, may be used in lieu of these requirements.

 

 

Section 42.2.9. Lighting.

 

Parking stations which are normally used by the general public during the hours of darkness after 6:00 p.m. shall be provided with lighting that provides at least an average of one (1) footcandle over the entire parking station, measured on the ground surface and ar- ranged to minimize glare to motorists on public streets and to residents of adjoining property.

 

Exception: Residential parking spaces provided for one and two family dwellings and town houses.

 

 

ARTICLE III

 

OPERATION OF PARKING STATIONS

 

Section 42.3.1. Interim Parking Stations.

 

An interim parking station may be operated for up to one year with the written approval of the Director of Codes Administration. Extensions of 90 days may be granted if it can be demonstrated that a hardship exists or that circumstances beyond control of the operator necessitate continued use of the lot. In no case shall approval exceed 2 years.

 

 

Section 42.3.2. Signs.

 

(a) General. Commercial parking stations shall be provided with signs as set forth in this section. Signs meeting all requirements of all ordinances and regulations in place as of the effective date of this Code shall be permitted to remain in use.

 

(b) International Parking Symbol Sign. Each commercial parking station shall be identified by an elevated international parking symbol clearly visible to the users of the parking station. The sign shall be twenty-four (24) inches in diameter; and the style and color of the international parking symbol, a white block "P" on a light blue field, shall be used.

 

(c) Identification and Operation Data Sign. Each commercial parking station available to the public shall maintain a permanent sign centrally located and clearly visible giving:

 

 

(1) The name and address of the operator.

 

(2) The hours of the day or night which the

parking station is open for business.

 

(3) The schedule of charges of daily and

hourly parking, where applicable. Where more than one (1) rate is charged, the figures of each rate shall be of the same size and dimensions. Where separate rates are charged for day parking and night parking, the time for change in rates shall be clearly posted on such signs.

 

Lettering shall be three (3) to six (6) inches in height.

 

(4) That an attendant is not in charge of

the premises, when applicable.

 

(5) Statement that the parking station is

not available to the general public, when applica- ble.

 

 

Section 42.3.3. Attendant Buildings.

 

Attendant buildings and ticket machines, when provided, shall be located inside the parking station at a point far enough away from the entrance to minimize congestion on public property.

 

Exception: Where compliance would require the alter- ation or relocation of an existing permanent structure.

 

 

Section 42.3.4. Limit on Charges.

 

No parking station shall charge any greater sum for parking a motor vehicle than is provided for on the entrance sign required in Section 42.3.2.

 

 

Section 42.3.5. Parking Tickets.

 

When a car is left for parking at a commercial parking station, the owner or person in control of such car shall be furnished with a ticket on which shall be printed the full name and address of the operator of the parking station and which shall be numbered to correspond to a ticket on such car.

 

Exemptions:

 

1. Where cars are stored on a weekly or monthly fee basis and a written memorandum is given

the person storing the car stating the weekly

or monthly fee arrangement and showing the

name and address of the operator.

 

2. When the owner or person in control of the car parks and locks his own vehicle, then it

shall be necessary that he be furnished only

a ticket or receipt on which shall be printed

the full name and address of the operator of

such parking station.

 

3. When the owner or person in control of a car parks and locks his own vehicle and the fee

is paid by means of a collection box

designating the parking space used.

 

 

Section 42.3.6. Protection Against Fire, Other Ca- sualty.

 

Every parking station shall be operated and managed in such a manner as to afford reasonable protection against fire, property damage, and theft of cars and contents stored in such station.

 

 

Section 42.3.7. Police Notification.

 

Whenever an operator of a parking station is unable to produce a vehicle when called for, or whenever a motor vehicle is abandoned, it shall be the duty of the licensee to notify the Police Department of such fact immediately.

 

Section 42.3.8. Use of Sidewalks, Streets, Other Public Property.

 

No parking station shall use the public sidewalk, park- way, street or thoroughfare for parking or unparking operations.

 

 

Section 42.3.9. Unauthorized Use of Vehicles.

 

No parking station shall use or permit the use of any motor vehicle left for parking for any purpose whatsoever unless authorized in writing by the owner or operator of such vehicle.

 

 

Section 42.3.10. Transferring Vehicles.

 

No parking station operator shall transfer any motor vehicle or cause or permit any vehicle to be transferred from said parking station, to another parking station or elsewhere, without the express con- sent of the owner or person in charge of vehicle.

 

Exceptions:

 

1. Vehicles removed from a parking station by members of the Public Works Department of the

city, or by members of the Police Department

of the city, pursuant to the provisions of

Section 34.340 to 34.347, inclusive, of the

Code of General Ordinances of Kansas City.

 

2. Stolen vehicles removed by members of the Po- lice Department.

 

 

Section 42.3.11. Parking Station Attendant.

 

No parking station normally having an attendant shall be left unattended during posted hours while motor vehicles are parked therein.

 

_______________________________________

 

Approved as to form and legality:

 

 

______________________________

Assistant City Attorney